What Are the Major Parts of an Air Conditioner?

It is easy to let minor air conditioning problems slide because you may not understand your system. Don’t let that lack of understanding cost you more in repairs. Here is a quick overview of the major parts of your air conditioner and what they do.

The Coils

Your air conditioner has two coils: the evaporator and condensing coils. The evaporator coil is inside your unit. It allows the refrigerant to absorb heat from the air in the system.

The condensing coil is in the outdoor part of the unit and runs the refrigerant at high pressure. This intensifies the heat it absorbs, so it can transfer it to the air outside.

Both of these coils have two primary issues. They can become clogged with dirt, dust and other contaminants, preventing air from flowing through them. They can also get damaged and leak refrigerant, causing the system to lose the needed pressure to operate efficiently.

The Fans

Near both coils are fans that draw air in and force it through the coils. Then, the air is pushed back outside. If either of these fans malfunctions, you will likely experience less air flowing from the vents in your home. You may also hear noises such as rattling, screeching, humming, or buzzing from the fans.

The Compressor

The compressor pressurizes the refrigerant as it goes into the condensing coil. This pressure allows it to more effectively transfer heat from the refrigerant to the outside air. If the compressor fails, you will notice warmer air or possibly reduced airflow from your vents.

A failing compressor may or may not make sounds as it fails. If it does, you will likely hear a growling, screeching, or rattling sound. You may also notice your air conditioning circuit breaker tripping.

Any failing part of your air conditioner can strain the rest of your air conditioning system and cause it to work ineffectively. World Class Services provides expert air conditioning repair and maintenance around Columbus. Our team not only provides service for air conditioners but also offers heating installation, maintenance, and repair services. We can provide a full range of plumbing services as well. Call to schedule your appointment with one of our NATE-certified technicians today.

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